Waking up tired and not being able to fall asleep even after laying in bed for hours is always annoying. This happens to everyone once in a while, but if it happens to you every night then you may have some serious sleep problems. Why do these things keep happening to you and how can you stop them?
You have most likely heard of insomnia before, but if you haven’t, no worries! Insomnia is one of the most common sleeping problems and is mainly known by the symptom of having trouble falling asleep. It is also very common, if you have insomnia, to not feel very well rested even after having a full night’s sleep. This can start to affect everyday life by sapping the energy from you and causing a lack of focus which can lead to poor performance in your job and everyday life.
Insomnia has a number of causes which include:
- Bad sleeping habits
Which all can be somewhat difficult to treat since your job may rely on you staying up late and traveling, which, in turn, can cause stress. At that point, there is no really good answer on what to do and it would be recommended to contact your doctor if the symptoms start to intrude on your daily activities.
The Mayo Clinic also described other causes such as:
- Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol
- Certain medications
- Other Sleeping disorders and Medical conditions
- Mental Health Disorders
There are various treatments for insomnia that vary from therapeutic to over-the-counter medications. Before trying to treat insomnia with medications a doctor should be consulted to verify your condition and to recommend different medications or therapies to maximize the effectiveness of the treatment techniques.
Sleep Apnea is also another common sleep problem. Sleep Apnea is known mainly by the loud snoring and occasional stopping of breathing during sleep. This particular disease can be very serious and can cause the person afflicted to get anything from poor sleep to waking up in the middle of the night and being short of breath.
There can be various lifestyle causes for sleep apnea such as:
- Being overweight
- Excessive drinking or Smoking
Other non-lifestyle causes can include:
- Having a smaller airway
- Having a Family history of Sleep Apnea
- Nasal Congestion
WebMD, as well as the Mayo Clinic, agree that having a family history of sleep apnea can increase your chances of having sleep apnea. It was also concluded that being overweight can lead to an obstructed airway, which can cause sleep apnea. Men are also more likely to have sleep apnea than women, but, after menopause, a woman’s chance of having sleep apnea is increased also increasing the probability of snoring.
A very common way to fix the common sleep problem, sleep apnea, is to use a machine called the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine (CPAP machine). What this device does, is that it basically pushes air into your lungs when you breathe at night so that air can fill your lungs. This works by basically pushing air past your soft palate and tongue, which tend to sag. These sagging tissues/organs can cause an obstructed airway, which is where the CPAP comes in. It forces air to push your sagging tongue and soft palate out of the way to allow the person to breathe.
Sleepwalking is a sleeping disorder characterized by, you guessed it, walking while being asleep. This disorder is much more common among younger people and can be dangerous. It is recommended that the sleepwalker is awakened while walking just to prevent potentially dangerous situations.
Sleepwalking has been linked to these main causes, as described by the National Sleep Foundation:
- Sleep Deprivation
- Specific Medications
- Illnesses that have symptoms of a fever
- Various Sedative Agents
Sleepwalking generally goes away as the victim grows older. If sleepwalking is severe enough, then a good thing to try is to get good sleep. This not only affects sleepwalking but can help prevent and treat other various sleep problems and overall just help to make you feel energized.